Android fragmentation and the cloud
The consequence of Apple’s approach is that pretty much everything behaves in predictable ways, but you have a very narrow range of devices at a narrow range of prices (and screen sizes), and that severely restricts the addressable market. More people can afford $50 phones than can afford $600 phones. The consequence of the Android approach is that you have a much wide range of devices and prices, and a much larger market, but anything on the bleeding edge doesn’t work predictably at all.
This is presented from a seller’s perspective (“addressable market”), but the other perspective here is that “Android is fragmented” as a complaint looks interestingly close to “poor people should not be allowed smartphones”.